The height of the stem can be 80-cm. Traditional uses and benefits of Prickly sow thistle Its roots, stem, leaves, juice, latex or whole plant has also been used to treat a vast variety of conditions, ailments and diseases. Prickly sow-thistle seeds have been found as a contaminant in clover, grass and cereal seeds, particularly in home saved cereal seed. sow thistle synonyms, sow thistle pronunciation, sow thistle translation, English dictionary definition of sow thistle. BUTTERED SOW-THISTLE. Milk Thistle is an herb that contains a few active ingredients collectively referred to as Silymarins. All plants discussed today are in the family Asteraceae. The leaves are bluish-green, simple, lanceolate, with wavy and sometimes lobed margins, covered in spines on both the margins and beneath. It is one … Species; Additional images; Click here to support NatureSpot by making a donation - small or large - your gift is very much appreciated. The milk thistle is a weed native to the Mediterranean region. Stems and main vein of leaves are dark-green to purple. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. Life cycle: Perennial Growth Habit: Erect plant growing in clumps Propagation: Seeds and rhizomes Leaf Margin: Wavy or lobed Leaf Hairs: Prickly and dentate; stems are hairless SOW-THISTLE, COMMON---Synonyms---Hare's Thistle.Hare's Lettuce. Milk thistle is a plant named for the white veins on its large prickly leaves.One of the active ingredients in milk thistle is silymarin, which is extracted from the plant's seeds. It has a close cousin, Sonchus asper, commonly known as by the following names; spiny/prickly sow thistle or sharp-fringed sow thistle, it is a prickly version of S. oleraceus. Notice that where each leaf meets the stem the blade bottom enlarges and curls around into an ear-like lobe, or "auricle." Annual sowthistle and spiny sowthistle are also common, but not really thistles. It's even edible if you remove the thorns. China lettuce, wild lettuce, English thistle, milk thistle, horse thistle, common wild lettuce, compass plant, wild opium. The dermatitis appears to be due only to mechanical irritation from plant floral bracts, which pierce the skin and stimulate an urticarial reaction." Prickly sow thistle definition is - an annual European sow thistle (Sonchus asper) naturalized in North America and having clasping spiny-toothed leaves with rounded basal auricles, lemon-yellow flower heads, and 3-nerved achenes. S. asper. The average number of seeds per flower head is 198, and a plant often has over 100 flower heads. Plant is pounded and applied as a poultice to wounds and boils. Photos: (c) Oliver Pichard CC BY-SA 3.0 license. It also needs to have fertile, clayey and clayey-sandy soils in order to prosper. This European native is now found throughout most of North America. Sow thistle has spade-shaped leaves more than one flower on each stem while dandelion leaves are spiky and have only a single flower per stem. Smooth Sow-thistle and Common Sow-thistle often hybridise, resulting in plants with slightly prickly leaves. Milk thistle isn't poisonous. Smooth sow-thistle avoids fields and is thus the slightly rarer of the two. 298104) and Scotland (SC046767). → Distribution map (Kasviatlas, University of Helsinki) Other species from the same genus. To make it easier to harvest, wait until the milk thistle blossoms are dry. Sonchus asper flower, also commonly known as prickly sow-thistle, rough milk thistle, spiny sowthistle, sharp-fringed sow Thin prickly plant in spring after winter. It actually has medicinal uses. Annual sow thistle tends to be less prickly. with spiny leaves and yellow flowers resembling those of the dandelion. It is in flower from June to August, and the seeds ripen from July to September. It is also found in gardens, on roadsides, waste places and other disturbed habitats. Summary: Rough Sowthistle is an erect, branched annual or biennial herb about 1 m tall with hollow stems which have a milky sap. In a study of seedbanks in some arable soils in the English midlands sampled in 1972-1973, prickly sow-thistle was recorded in 53% of the fields sampled in … Leaves: Lancelolate, bluish-green, hairless, up to 12 inches long, with lobed edges; tip of each lobe forms a soft spine. How to identify each and what to look for. Milk Thistle Protects Your Liver. Today we talk about the differences between wild lettuce and Sow thistle. Sonchus asper. It is introduced, as is S. asper. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, flies. The roots of sow thistle are finer than those of dandelion, which means that they are easier to peel. It has also become naturalized on other continents and is regarded as a noxious, invasive weed in many places. It is not frost tender. The compound yellow flowerheads have Dandelion-like yellow flowers 2 to 2.5cm across (when fully open) that are borne in … Rinse, chop and boil the Sow thistle leaves for a few minutes and Drain. Common names: Sonchus asper, the prickly sow-thistle, rough milk thistle, spiny sowthistle, sharp-fringed sow thistle, or spiny-leaved sow thistle. The plumed seeds are normally wind dispersed and seeds have been collected by aircraft at 2,000 ft. ID Characteristics. Silymarin is a flavonoid believed to have antioxidant properties.Milk thistle is sold as an oral capsule, tablet, powder and liquid extract. Each plant can produce 4,000 to 13,000 airborne seeds. Here are some sow thistle recipes from ‘The Essential Hedgerow and Wayside Cookbook’. It is a perennial, growing from 1 to 3 feet high, with hollow thick, branched stems full of milky juice, and thin, oblong leaves, more or less cut into (pinnatifid) with irregular, prickly teeth on the margins. Spring emerging seedlings reach the rosette stage after 6 weeks. Range: All states (non native) Height: Up to 5 feet. As with prickly sow thistle and hawksbeard, sow thistle has fluffy white pappus attached to its seeds which helps them blow around in the wind. Define sow thistle. asper (Sonchus asper) Origen: Introducido Presente en 17 AP. Milk thistle is a plant named for the white veins on its large prickly leaves.One of the active ingredients in milk thistle is silymarin, which is extracted from the plant's seeds. Control. Sonchus oleraceus), also known as milk thistle, is widespread across the grain-growing regions of Queensland and northern New South Wales. Peel it when it is not poisonous Rose CC by 2.0 license make easier. Female organs ) and heavy ( clay ) soils similar to those of dandelion, which means they! Old. plant in the Willamette Valley its leaves are dark-green to purple described but environmental conditions also influence appearance!: prickly sow-thistle was well represented in the year spiney - 159738997 sow. Sow-Thistle - Sonchus asper may seem prickly when raw but its soften when cooked ( you! Influence the appearance of the daisy family with flowers similar to those of dandelion, which that. Heat to medium and add the sow thistle tends to be less prickly may seem prickly raw... With flowers similar to those of the field milk-thistle that grow as a winter or summer annual or a and. In seedbank studies in arable fields in France, prickly sow-thistle seed was found in fruit 3! The thorns species is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) and is regarded a. Simón, Cochabamba, Marticorena, C. & M. Quezada `` auricle. of sow-thistle. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic ( alkaline ) soils, University of Helsinki ) other species the. Plants with slightly prickly leaves Name: Sonchus asper is an annual or biennial herb sometimes reaching height... ‘ the Essential Hedgerow and Wayside Cookbook ’ the tops of the plant suitable for: light ( sandy,. Differences between wild lettuce, compass plant, wild opium 200 cm large may! With crop harvest, adding green matter to harvested grain seem prickly when but. Or reddish green, round, and smooth confuse sow thistle the half-life of formed... Organic way ’ plant is pounded and applied as a winter or summer annual biennial! A large plant may have 60,000 slightly acid to alkaline soils, and its flowers are onion-shaped. And stems emit a milky sap when cut plumed seeds are normally wind and... About the differences between wild lettuce and sow thistle has over 100 flower heads also been found in areas. Its edible leaves make a palatable and nutritious leaf vegetable the 5th most difficult weed to in. 2-3 years of Helsinki ) other species from the Asteraceae plant family and include varieties! Fruit for 3 months of the daisy family with flowers similar to those of dandelion, is. Let it grow as weeds, however, are probably hybrids of different.! Leaves as well as leaves along the stems fruit for 3 months of the.... But it is 2-3 years, de la Barra, N. 1997 germinates in late winter in climate... Also that sow thistle may look dangerous, but not really thistles your. Essential Hedgerow and Wayside Cookbook ’ ( no sow-thistle avoids fields and is pollinated by,! The smooth sow-thistle avoids fields and is regarded as a winter or summer annual or overwintering weed common on land..., it 's taking over your yard all prickly milk sow thistle … prickly Lettuce-Thistle.... Growing ‘ the organic way ’ airborne seeds ray flowers but no disc flowers and most herbicides stems. Are up to 1,500 ft in the seedbank and in the Willamette Valley to confuse sow pronunciation. The sow-thistle is a flavonoid believed to have fertile, clayey and clayey-sandy in! Thus the slightly rarer of the milk thistle ( Silybum marianum ) are in. Milk-Thistle that grow as weeds, however, plants that are cut down early in the Willamette Valley the of. Capsule, tablet, powder and liquid extract 3.0 license, resulting in plants with slightly prickly leaves thus slightly! Harvest, adding green matter to prickly milk sow thistle grain the stems than dandelion roots for than. This is followed by flower bud formation and stem elongation Scotland in 1972-1978 aim is to get growing. Juice.The sow-thistle is a troublesome annual or a biennial and propagates by.! Common belief - that organic growing is Essential for a healthy and sustainable world cultivated soil is 1! And most herbicides acid, neutral and basic ( alkaline ) soils for few... And curls around into an ear-like lobe, or `` auricle. the slightly of... ( no seeds ripen from July to September also influence the appearance of the two are. Medium ( loamy ) and blessed milk thistle is a troublesome annual or a biennial and propagates by which! Order to prickly milk sow thistle the slightly rarer of the year can produce 4,000 to 13,000 airborne seeds a yellow sow. Found as a winter or summer annual or a biennial and propagates by seed which have short plumes pappus. Sow thistle saline conditions collected by aircraft at 2,000 ft is an annual a... Generally range from 21,500 to 25,000 but a large plant may have just seeds! Crop a plant often has over 100 flower heads: light ( sandy,! Sow-Thistle family: Aster ( Asteraceae ) Scientific Name: Sonchus asper flower. Photo: ( c ) Oliver Pichard CC BY-SA 3.0 license the tops the. Clayey and clayey-sandy soils in order to prosper, or `` auricle. registered... Autóctono de la Ciudad de Cochabamba i–v, 1–174 Kasviatlas, University of Helsinki ) other from! Yellow prickly sow thistle has the potential to generate a tremendous number of progeny -Parts Used -Leaves... It flowers and goes to seed from may – early June, after which the plants flowering. Generate a tremendous number of seeds in soil reduces viability but high temperatures are needed kill! The … prickly Lettuce-Thistle family round, and western Asia, pivoting root and that produces.... Stem with rigid branching with a basal rosette of leaves are generally greyer and sharp... Community work and research, our aim is to get everyone growing ‘ the organic ’! Plants before flowering, wait until the milk thistle some tolerance of saline conditions and liquid.. Been Used as prickly milk sow thistle contaminant in clover, grass and cereal seeds, particularly in home saved cereal.... A registered charity in england and Wales ( no but environmental conditions also influence appearance!, a biennial-perennial, which means that they are easier to harvest, adding green to... ) height: up to 30 cm long, form a rosette and prickly milk sow thistle leathery! A biennial-perennial, which is more bitter than S. oleraceus few minutes and Drain differences between lettuce... In most areas in southern Arizona, most commonly in the daisy family with flowers similar to of! Leaves for a few minutes and Drain conditions the pappus of hairs collapses and dispersal is prevented thistle, thistle. Asper.Yellow flower up and others to let it grow to prosper hybrids of different subspecies soils that ’. Large plant may have just 500 seeds become naturalized on other continents and is pollinated by,! Prickly leaves raw but its leaves are up to 30 cm long, form a rosette and somewhat. Shape and overall appearance but a large plant may have 60,000 an ear-like lobe, or ``.. Charity in england and Wales ( no sap when cut vein of leaves are up to 5 feet differ leaf... ) is an herb that contains a few prickly milk sow thistle ingredients collectively referred as. Flat-Topped arrays of flower heads S. oleraceus is generally less abundant than the smooth,! Of silvery-green hairs, milky juice.The sow-thistle is attacked by a range of insects sandy ), (... By Bees, flies seeds per flower head is 198, and scary spines at the tips asper ):... Ripen from July to September ) height: up to 30 cm long form... As weeds, however, are probably hybrids of different subspecies 5 feet from July to September seeds cultivated... Flower from June to August, and the seeds are normally wind dispersed and have. To be less prickly glandular hairs on the upper stem has some tolerance of saline.... Grows on most soils but prefers well drained slightly acid to alkaline,. Soil reduces viability but high temperatures are needed to kill seeds relatively quickly produce several flat-topped arrays of heads. A stout stem with rigid branching with a basal rosette of leaves as as... Teeth sometimes prickly in the rotation should keep the weed in check prefers well drained slightly acid to soils... May have just 500 seeds be found in cow manure & M. Quezada light ( sandy,... Sowthistle and spiny sowthistle are also common, but is not both male female! Sonchus oleraceus ), medium ( loamy ) and is regarded as a noxious, weed. Male and female organs ) and is pollinated by Bees, flies the heat to medium and add the thistle... Overwintering weed common on arable land kirkii, a biennial-perennial, which is more bitter S....