This species is native to the Chicago region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. Following its seasonal display of color, the plant goes dormant before leafing out again in spring. The gray dogwood grows to a height of 10–15' and a spread of 10–15' at maturity. Named for the rough textured leaves, it has fleshy white fruit, dark green foliage that turns burgundy red fall color. In late winter these woody shrubs will benefit from pruning out the oldest branches. Over 98 species of birds, including flicker, tanager, woodpeckers, and catbird are attracted to this plant for its fruit and use as a shelter and a nesting site. Drought Tolerance Fair. It has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 1 foot from the ground, and is suitable for planting under power lines. Leaves are simple and alternately arranged on twigs. Simple, opposite leaves, 2 to 4 inches long;  grayish-green, elliptic to lance-shaped leaves. The gray dogwood is native to the eastern and midwestern United States and southern Canada. This shrub grows at a slow rate, with height increases of less than 12" per year. Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees. Stop by, email, or call. The Morton Arboretum is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit that relies on the generosity of members and donors. Wildlife Value High . Cornus racemosa (Gray Dogwood) is a species of shrub in the family dogwoods. Status Please consult the PLANTS Web site and your State Department of Natural Resources for this plant’s current status (e.g. In the late Spring, white flowers bloom at the tips of the branches. C-Value: 1 Typically found in USDA zones 4-8, the silky dogwood often grows wild in wet areas such as stream beds. Moderate to fast growth rate. Hardiness Zones. Spring Azure (Celastrina ladon), by D. Gordon E. Robertson. Gray dogwood (Cornus racemosa) is rangy and even a little scraggly, with suckers springing up all around it. May be difficult to find in nurseries. Occurs in disturbed woods, moist  ground along streams, wet meadows, and prairie margins. Browse the curated collection and add your voice! threatened or endangered species, state noxious status, and wetland indicator values). Gray Dogwood . Dogwood trees have a slow to moderate growth rate, generally growing at a rate of about 20 feet in 25 years according to Clemson University. Our future. Gray dogwood has a different habitus, but red osier and silky behave pretty much the same IMHO. Grows in full sun in wet or dry sites but best in well-drained soil. Within a submenu, use escape to move to top level menu parent. Although its suckering, spreading habit makes it impractical for formal plantings, it can be incorporated into the shrub border and useful as a mass planting. Summary. Young branches and twigs are brown to red; older branches are gray. Average height 8 ’. In spring, creamy white flowers will display for a week to ten days. Soil / Climate: Gray Dogwood is tolerant of both moist and dry sites. Building the urban forest for 2050. D.S. Shade Tolerance Tolerant. This plant then transform come fall showcasing purple foliage in fall. The Gray Dogwood is a native, gray-stemmed, thickly branched shrub. Our communities. Growth Rate: Medium: Mature Height: 15 to 20 ft. White panicles of flowers brighten the landscape in June. Attractive bright red fruit stalks persist through winter. An excellent plant for sceening or to use along ponds and stream banks. Its suckering, spreading habit requires more maintenance and pruning for formal plantings. Gray Dogwood will grow 10-15 feet tall with an equal spread, but can be pruned to almost any size. Bluish-white berries  ripen July through October and persist into early winter. Dogwoods grow up to 1 ft. (30 cm) a year and can reach their full height within ten years. It can be found near ponds and stream banks, in wet areas, or open woods with full to moderate sun exposure. Native Environment: Savanna / Woodland. Flowering dogwood trees have a fast growth rate. Gray dogwood is a shrub to small tree native to eastern and mid western North America. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. Cornus is the Latin name for dogwood, and racemosa refers to the type of compound flower arrangement (raceme). Gray Dogwood. Best used for naturalizing in moist areas. In fact, … Our trees. This tough, low-maintenance shrub offers subtle year-round beauty. Gray dogwood is useful as a low-growing wild hedge which provides summer food and some cover for small animals and birds. xcellent plant for sceening or to use along ponds and stream banks. I do know the upright form of gray dogwood makes a nice place to tuck a pop up blind. It is native to the contiguous United States, Canada, United States, eastern north america, and North America. This is an excellent choice for wildlife attraction. A large, 10 to 15 feet high and wide upright shrub forming large thickets. It's a good shrub for background or naturalized plantings in the landscape. The fruit is eaten by many animals and especially sa-vored by birds including the Northern Cardinal, Downy Woodpecker, Northern Flicker, and Eastern Bluebird. Mature Shape: Round; horizontal branching. White berries are produced during the Summer on bright red branches. It prefers full sun to partial shade. In order to control the spread of redtwig dogwood, cut back branches and roots that touch the ground, preventing suckers. Rough-leaved dogwood is a native large shrub or small tree, often mistaken for gray dogwood. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Blooms for 7–10 days in late May or early June, with small, creamy white flowers arranged in flat panicles. View Zone Map. It forms a dense thicket, providing cover and nesting sites for wildlife. Name Gray Dogwood. Flowers are visited by digger bees. Flowering Dates: May - July. And the reddish-pink fruit stems persist into the winter, adding a nice color contrast to the gray bark. 2 Items . As it ages, the shrub can become a bit leggy. Have tree and plant questions? per page. Customer Reviews. Dogwood trees can grow up to 20 feet in height in the first 25 years of growth. Gray Dogwood is recommended for the following landscape applications; Mass Planting; General Garden Use; Naturalizing And Woodland Gardens; Planting & Growing. The shrub itself has a medium growth rate but the suckers that grow profusely from its multi-stemmed base grow fast, three to five feet during the growing season. Notes: Silky Dogwood has red bark, though not quite as red as ‘red osier dogwood’. The fall leaves are dark reddish purple, and while the color is interesting, you wouldn’t call it attractive. 100% (5) 0% (0) 0% (0) 0% (0) 0% (0) D . From top level menus, use escape to exit the menu. Younger stems have a reddish color, older stems are grayish-brown. Use enter to activate. Get expert help from The Morton Arboretum Plant Clinic. Widelay adaptable. Gray Dogwood bark is shaggy. Write a review. Season of Interest: Mid (May - June), Late (July - frost), Winter (Nov - Mar) Main Color: Red, White. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Gray dogwood is a very adaptable, native shrub that is excellent for naturalizing, especially in difficult sites, such as pond and stream banks. Full sun and partial shade are best for this shrub, meaning it prefers a minimum of 4 hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day. The main stems of this multi-stemmed shrub are gray in color, and the twigs are dark red to purplish-red. Width: 15-30 feet. The specific growth rate varies by cultivar. The berries appear before most other dogwoods, making it popular with the squirrels and over 100 bird species that eat the fruit. The gray dogwood is native to the eastern and midwestern United States and southern Canada. A million members, donors, and partners support our programs to make our world greener and healthier. I’m impressed. slow to medium growth rate (except for rapid-growing suckers that arise from the base of established shrubs) C ... Gray Dogwood is a multi-season interest, highly adaptable shrub that is ideally suited for wet sites, dry sites, naturalized areas, neglected areas, borders, embankments, or mass plantings, in sunny to shady sites. Produces ¼" white fruit that grows on reddish-pink pedicels and matures in late summer or early fall. Dogwoods flower every spring and require well-draining soil that is always moist. Site Requirements: Cool, moist, acidic soil and partial shade is ideal, but full sun is acceptable. Gray Dogwood has simple, broad leaves and white flowers. It is typically planted for both its visual interest and profusion of spring flowers. History/Lore. Height: 15-30 feet. Mature Height/spread: 10-15 ft. high/ 10-15 ft. spread. To grow dogwood trees, plant them in partial shade or full sun. It is a host plant for the Spring Azure and favored by many species of butterflies. The gray dogwood is a forage plant for white-tailed deer. It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal … Creamy white clusters of flowers in May are followed by white berries in late summer that are quickly eaten by birds. The white winter berries only last a short time and don’t add much to the appearance of the shrub. Gray dogwood is a very adaptable, native shrub that is excellent for naturalizing, especially in difficult sites, such as pond and stream banks. The gray dogwood adapts to a wide range of soil conditions and can tolerate wet conditions as well as drought. Dogwood are a valuable food plant for various wildlife. Is occasionally grown as a small tree, where it can be used for foundations, entranceways, borders or specimen planting. The berries appear before most other dogwoods, making it popular with the squirrels and over 100 bird species that eat the fruit. This shrub adapts to dry and sandy soils. Show. Mature Spread: 15 to 20 ft. Growth Rate Moderate. It has a self-supporting growth form. s suckering, spreading habit requires more maintenance and pruning for formal plantings. Foliage turns an interesting (but not always showy) purplish red in fall. You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. Cornus racemosa, the northern swamp dogwood, gray dogwood or panicle dogwood, is a shrubby plant native to southeastern Canada and the northeastern United States. Growth Rate: Medium Texture: Medium; Cultural Conditions: Light: Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day) Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours) Soil pH: Neutral (6.0-8.0) Soil Drainage: Good Drainage Moist Occasionally Dry Occasionally Wet Available Space To Plant: 6-feet-12 feet USDA Plant Hardiness Zone: Under the right conditions, mature dogwoods can reach a height of 40 feet. Gray Dogwood will grow to be about 8 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 6 feet. Gray Dogwood Cornus racemosa. Examples of the varieties of silky dogwood include the roughleaf dogwood, gray dogwood, alternate-leaf dogwood, and bloodtwig dogwood. Based on 5 reviews. Features grayish-green to dark green leaves that are narrow-elliptic to ovate-lanceolate and 2–4" long, turning reddish-purple in the fall. Your Gray Dogwood would clearly be an exceptional addition to your yard under almost any conditions. It is adaptable to poor soils, heat and drought, but is often seen in moist or rocky locations. Growth Rate: Slow. The gray dogwood can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 3–8. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. The Arbor Day Foundation is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit conservation and education organization. Another common name is the panicled dogwood. Gray Dogwood flowers Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder Planting & Growing Gray Dogwood will grow to be about 12 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 12 feet. They can also be grown as small trees to be used for foundations, entranceways, borders, or specimen planting. Fruit White berry. Pagoda Dogwood Tree - Photo by Paul Wray, Iowa State University. It transplants easily and does well in soils that are moist and moderately acidic. Can be cut back to the ground if it becomes too large and woody. Cornus racemosa. Plant Type: Shrubs. Origin Native. Hardiness: Zones 4 through 7. Gray Dogwood. I'm not saying this as a NEG, because I strongly believe in identifying each botanic species on your property, but to learn if separating the two is useful. Slow growth rate (less than 12″ per year). Multiplying by rhizomes, the dogwoods provide attractive screening and cover. The pedicels are exposed when the fruit falls, adding nice fall/winter color. Growth Rate This shrub grows at a slow rate, with height increases of less than 12" per year. Dogwood. This shrub has a tall but rounded shape at full growth. The tree displays medium growth, averaging between 13 and 24 inches annually. Home ; Shrubs ; Dogwood; Find Your Planting Zone. use escape to move to top level menu parent. The gray dogwood is a forage plant for white-tailed deer. Growth Rate and Mature Height Depending on the species of Dogwood you plant, you may have a short stout bush or a 25 foot tall tree. White berries attract many birds in the late summer and early fall. Why Grey Twig Dogwood Shrubs? Growth Rate: Fast. 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