in Bamford and Day 1998, 5). Research evidence for the use of such programs in EFL/ESL contexts is presented, emphasizing the benefits of this type of input for students' English language learning and skills development. Stephen Krashen’s free voluntary reading is a similar concept. One evening, she finds herself locked in the library with none other than Mr. Darcy himself. The Benefits of Extensive Reading (ER) Richard R. Day There have been a number of experimental and quasi-experimental studies that have demonstrated the effectiveness of ER and to provide support for the use of ER in English as a second language (ESL) and EFL classroom settings. Extensive reading is already a great way to get your reading speed up, but if you’re still not as fast as you want to be, here’s how to get better. … But over the years, evidence has amassed that extensive reading is a crucial element in language teaching to the point that poemation suggests that extensive reading should take about 20% of course time. It is highly motivating for students to discover that they can read in English and that they enjoy it. Extensive reading responds to this issue by providing a break from the old traditional teaching methods that have forced students for decades to choose between reading difficult and boring books, or otherwise failing the class. That is to say that students should decide what, when, where and how often they read. London: Routledge. Here is a digest of what I think are the seven most important principles for successful Extensive Reading: What are the benefits of Extensive Reading? Extensive reading is a great tool for people who already enjoy the activity. The classroom focuses inevitably on shorter texts, and extensive reading provides learners with the opportunity of reading longer texts, on more varied subjects, on their own, and in their own way. : Chapter 10 Reading and Writing Relations. Students read a great deal, quite quickly (at least 150-200 words a minute) and often. We know that vocabulary is not learned by a single exposure. Journal of Reading, 37, 662–667. Students … In addition to gains in reading and writing proficiency, research demonstrates that students who read extensively also make gains in overall language competence. It can be done anywhere, at any time of day. New York: Scholastic. Responses based on research would be appreciated. Talking specifically of intensive reading - let's give some definitions for the starters. The benefits of Extensive Reading. http://www.cambridge.org/servlet/file/store7/item620590/version1/CER_LALL_ART_PhilipProwseExtensiveReading.pdf, http://extensivereading.net/docs/tebiki_GREng.pdf. The fact of promoting autonomous and self-selected readings extensively makes this reading approach suitable for both L2 and EFL learners (Renandya & Jacobs, 2002). ER allows for multiple encounters with words and phrases in context thus making possible the progressive accretion of meanings to them. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Advantages Product Awareness. There are many benefits of Extensive Reading in language learning. Extensive reading imbibes in the readers a wide store of vocabulary. The course language will be English but the course is suitable for teachers of any languages. ‘What is the secret of extensive reading?’, Prowse, P.  (2002)  ‘Top ten principles for teaching extensive reading: a response.’ Reading in a Foreign Language. Both common sense observation and copious research evidence bear out the many benefits which come from ER (Waring 2000, 2006). All it requires is a library of suitable reading material. Extensive reading offers a lot of benefits (provided you enjoy reading). It helped them to engage with reading more and it changed how they read. Increasing reading rate is important because rate is a critical component of fluent reading. Probably the most cited benefit of Extensive Reading is that it can extend and sustain students’ vocabulary growth. Elley, W.B  (1991)  ‘Acquiring literacy in a second language: the effect of book-based programmes.’   Language Learning. Extensive reading . By presenting items in context, it also makes the deduction of meaning of unknown items easier. Great tips. Extensive reading is an approach to language learning, including foreign language learning, by the means of a large amount of reading. 14 (2). It can limits one to a level of reading. ER allows for multiple encounters with words and phrases in context thus making possible the progressive accretion of meanings to them. I do know Krashen’s site and was going to add it to the list but there was only space for seven! There are two kinds of teaching reading; Extensive and Intensive. extensive reading session, two student reflections about the reading sequence and their progress, and end-of-semester questionnaire about the program. Students who read extensively also make gains in writing proficiency (Elley and Mangubhai 1981, and Hafiz and Tudor 1989). The reading material is easy. It can be compared with intensive reading, which means reading in detail with specific learning aims and tasks. Disadvantages Of Extensive Reading. Extensive means covering a substantial area and so, extensive reading refers to that type of reading in which students read and refer to large quantities of material, chosen by themselves. Books and magazines your eye sight. 0 0. However, if they read extensively they are much more likely to get multiple encounters with words and phrases in a variety of contexts. It can be compared with extensive reading, which involves learners reading texts for enjoyment and to develop general reading skills. Johnson, Steven (2006)  Everything Bad is Good for You. Extensive reading imbibes in the readers a wide store of vocabulary. We often tell students to ‘read more’ but why should they read if we do not? Krashen, Stephen  (2nd edition. Conclusion The main aim of the manufacturer is to improve the recognition of the product in the market. There have been many studies of vocabulary acquisition from ER (Day et al 1991, Nation and Wang 1999, Pigada and Schmitt, 2006). You can use context to figure out most of the words you don’t know in a text and, with extensive reading, you don’t exert yourself too much. I’m very happy you found the article useful Realizing the importance of reading, some collages make it as one of subject. So much of what we learn is learned sub-consciously. The idea that learners can develop their language knowledge through extensive reading is attractive for several reasons. f) Downward pressure on teachers to conform to syllabi and textbooks. Maley (2008) deals with ER comprehensively. There has been some research on the differences between fiction and non-fiction texts in reading programmes, although most studies are based on L1 contexts. For example, Cho andKrashen (1994) reported that their four adult ESL learners increased competence in both listening and speaking abilities through reading extensively. If students find the books compelling and interesting, and can understand them, they may become more eager readers. There are useful summaries of the evidence in Day and Bamford  (1998: 32-39) and The Special Issue of The Language Teacher (1997) including articles by Paul Nation and others, and passionate advocacy in Krashen’s The Power of Reading. “The Image in English Language Teaching” is a groundbreaking book that encourages teachers to approach images as a significant component of communicating in a foreign language, and as a means of fostering students’ communicative competence and […], This July and September I will be giving teacher training courses on how to use film and video in the language classroom, aimed at in-service teachers. 41. Harold Palmer, an English linguist, was the first who applied the phrase Extensive Reading (qtd. This is probably because as students encounter more language, more frequently, through extensive reading, their language acquisition mechanism is primed to produce it in writing. The only reliable way to learn a language is through massive and repeated exposure to it in context: precisely what ER provides. The course will be held at UAB Languages, the language school of one […], Seven Benefits of Extensive Reading for English Language Students, Presentation of “The Image in English Language Teaching”, Train in the Use of Film and Video with me in Barcelona, http://www.robwaring.org/papers/waring_Nova_2011.pdf, https://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/article/extensive-reading-why-it-good-our-students%E2%80%A6-us, https://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/article/extensive-reading, http://www.cambridge.org/elt/readers/prowse1.htm, Train Online in Film and Video with Kieran in January, Train with Kieran in Film and Video Online, Train with Kieran in Barcelona this summer. Source(s): https://shrinkurl.im/a9lDX. Reading provides a peaceful escape at any time of day from digital gadgets and the constant bombardment of information that comes from living in the digital age. (2004). Therefore, intensive reading means that type of reading in which the material has to be read carefully and thoroughly, to get specific details. Extensive Reading helps learners to build reading speed and reading fluency. Extensive reading creates and sustains motivation to read more, The virtuous circle - success leading to success - ensures that, as we read successfully in the foreign language, so we are encouraged to read more. use of simplified texts15, with particular advantages seen in the development of reading fluency. Overall, students’ motivation is a key factor of a workable extensive reading program. Day, R. and Bamford, J. Students have a wide variety of genres and topics to choose from. The results displayed in Table 1 are strong confirmation of the benefits of ER on learning to read. Readers can start and stop at will, and read at the speed they are comfortable with. The readers read in the text, focusing on the new vocabulary, grammatical forms, the purpose of the author and the problems of the text. Disadvantages Extensive Farming can have the following problems, Yields tend to be much lower than with intensive farming in the short term. extensive reading in particular, and the ways they teach foreign language reading. Reading is the most readily available form of comprehensible input, especially in places where there is hardly any contact with the target language. Numerous studies show that the amount of reading engaged in correlates with overall reading development4, and in particular, improvements in reading fluency. It is the student, not the teacher, who chooses what to read. Extensive Reading It is the view of Palmer (1964) that “extensive reading” is considered as being reading rapidly. 1 decade ago. Students read for pleasure, information or general understanding. As against, intensive refers to in-depth or concentrated. The Advantages of the Transition from Intensive Reading to Extensive Reading ― Based on my experience of the Restudy of English ― Akiko TAMURA* Abstract t has been three years since I first came dow-I n with a disease. To promote learner autonomy extensive reading should be a student-managed activity. Students who read extensively also become more autonomous learners. The following is a digest of the two lists of factors or principles for successful ER: The model is very much like that for L1 reading proposed by Atwell (2006). Oxford University Press, Japan, Waring, Rob  (2006)  ‘Why Extensive Reading should be an indispensable part of all language programmes’. These include gains in reading and writing competence, oral and aural skills, vocabulary growth, and increases in motivation, self-esteem and empathy. Switching your reading into your target language will certainly expose you to much more vocabulary than you would normally learn. An interview I gave to Dirk Lagerwaard of NovELTies about the role of empathy in the ELT classroom. First, reading is essentially an individual activity and therefore learners of different proficiency levels could be learning at their own level without being … The journals Reading in a Foreign Language and the International Journal of Foreign Language Learning are also good sources of research studies supporting ER. ‘The idea of the teacher having to be someone who is constantly developing and growing as a whole human being as a prerequisite for being able to truly help his or her pupils to be able to do the same, is such a core truth of teaching, yet it is typically ignored in FLT. Many, if not most, students have a rather limited experience and knowledge of the world they inhabit both cognitively and affectively. One evening, she finds herself locked in the library with none other than Mr. Darcy himself. If you want to try extensive reading, you will need to get some graded readers from the library. Extensive Reading gives students chances to read longer pieces of reading, which they choose, which they can read at their own speed and at their own ability level. The benefits of extensive reading are far-reaching: independent readers become more avid readers, better writers and, ultimately, lifelong readers. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann. Extensive reading must be done for longer blocks of time when compared to intensive reading. If learners read more they will automatically learn more. Reading provides a peaceful escape at any time of day from digital gadgets and the constant bombardment of information that comes from living in the digital age. The texts are not just interesting: they are engaging/ compelling. We posit these ten principles in the hopes that others will consider them and react to them. A block of time -- typically 10 to 30 minutes -- is regularly devoted to recreational reading. Students who read extensively also become more autonomous learners. It is this that fuels the compulsion to read the next Harry Potter. Develop good analytical skills. Moses, Antoinette, (2004)   Jojo’s Story. The Extensive Reading Foundation in the Guide to Extensive Reading 2011 reports that ‘ in order for students to benefit from their Extensive Reading, they should read at an appropriate difficulty level and at a good speed (150-200 words per minute for a beginner). The readers read books after books. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. extensive reading and listening: intensive reading or listening tends to be more concentrated, less relaxed, extensive reading take place when st are on their own. Exactly how this happens is still not understood (Kroll 2003) but the fact that it happens is well-documented (Hafiz and Tudor 1989) Common sense would indicate that as we meet more language, more often, through reading, our language acquisition mechanism is primed to produce it in writing or speech when it is needed. There is a wealth of research into the benefits of Extensive Reading for language learners. Individuals form associative networks among the books they read. Maley, A ‘Extensive reading: why it is good for our students… and for us.’, https://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/article/extensive-reading-why-it-good-our-students%E2%80%A6-us (accessed 23 September 2016), Prowse, P. ‘What is the secret of extensive reading?’, http://www.cambridge.org/elt/readers/prowse1.htm (accessed 23 September 2016). This means that the learner focuses on the language more than the text. Teaching in Action (series)  Sydney: NCELTR, McQuarie University, Nation, Paul  (1997)  ‘The language teaching benefits of extensive reading.’  The Language Teacher. Talking specifically of intensive reading - let's give some definitions for the starters. Of course, texts vary a lot. 2.) Hoey, Michael  (1991) Patterns of Lexis in Texts. Thank you for this list of benefits of reading and related resources and references. Moreover, the benefits of intensive reading include enhancing reading comprehension, helping students by understanding sentence structure and developing critical thinking as students have to answer all required questions after reading. My personal experience is that reading in general (intensive, extensive or whatnot) improves your reading skills drastically, increases your vocabulary noticeably but per se won't help to to write and especially to speak. ; Extensive Reading expands, strengthens and maintains vocabulary growth (Soltani, 2011 cited in Guo, 2012). As well as providing an avenue for relaxation, reading provides an ideal way to unwind at the end of a hectic day. There is a well-established link between reading and writing. 12 (2), Pigada, Maria and Norbert Schmitt  (2006) ‘Vocabulary acquisition for extensive reading.’  Reading in a Foreign Language. These include gains in reading and writing competence, oral and aural skills, vocabulary growth, and increases in motivation, self-esteem and empathy. Extensive reading, specifically the use of the Reading Journal is included in the reading curriculum of our Department with the main goal of improving the TOEFL reading scores of our students. They know the product well enough and trust the company (depending on the marketing tactics and success of the product, of course). Extensive reading enhances general language competence. (1991) ‘Incidental EFL vocabulary learning and reading.’  Reading in a Foreign Language. And you don't meet very many real people, only the characters in the story. Teachers often feel it is not an effective use of class time or are just uncomfortable with the extended silence. 18 (1), Prowse, Philip. PC monitors - eye sight and brains, due to radiation. I was delighted to present “The Image in English Language Teaching” at UAB Idiomes Barcelona on Friday 27th October. For our own sanity we need to read outside the language teaching ghetto. Research by Richard Day amongst many others shows that we learn to read by reading. What are the benefits of extensive reading? Purpose of the Study This is a preliminary study, which aimed to investigate EFL students’ opinions on the benefits of the reading Benefits of extensive reading 1. ER opens windows on the world seen through different eyes. The teacher is a role model…a reader, who participates along with the students. Then, I will examine the numerous benefits of extensive reading as well as some obstacles which explain why extensive reading programs are difficult to implement. And most learners believe that practice makes perfect. Benefits of Extensive Reading By Edna Orozco López and Miguel de la Ferrelle OrtizWhat is extensive reading?According to Richard Day extensive reading means that students read many andeasy books for information and enjoyment. Extensive reading is a prime means of developing a taste for foreign language reading. And it is highly individual. One effect of extensive reading that appears with short-term programs is on reading attitudes and reading habits. 4  (2,) 59-77. Collocation with advanced levels 1 - not entirely...proper/appropriate/good? This is … So Extensive Reading has a lot to offer - both for our students and ourselves. Bamford, Julian and Richard Day. Currently, extensive reading (ER) is one reading approach that is being studied by most reading experts. on, Waring, Rob  (2000)  The ‘Why’ and ‘How’ of Using Graded Readers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Extensive reading is an approach to second language teaching and learning which can help students to read more. Intensive Reading . 2004 )  The Power of Reading: insights from the research. Richard Day has provided a list of key characteristics of ER (Day 2002). Extensive reading helps teachers to be better informed, both about their profession and about the world. For this reason it is essential that the books are interesting to students and at a level appropriate to their reading ability. Intensive reading: "the readers carefully and closely read a short text with the intention of gaining an understanding of as much as detail as possible" (Scrivener, 1994, p.188). ... extensive reading. I have always believed that reading helps students to speak, but know I not only confirmed that belief, but I also learned other usages of reading. Distance learning and English Language Learners, Teacher wellbeing: Five lessons from the experts, Teacher professional development through WhatsApp-based Communities of Practice in challenging contexts. Reading is an activity that can add someone’s knowledge about important news and also some new vocabulary items. Reading purposes focus on: pleasure, information and general understanding. http://nflrc.hawaii.edu/rfl/October2002/day/day.html, Elley, W.B  (1991)  ‘Acquiring literacy in a second language: the effect of book-based programmes.’   Language Learning. All the best, Hoey, Michael  (2005)  Lexical Priming. Vocabulary is not learned by a single exposure. The purpose of extensive reading is for pleasure and information. Regular wide reading can add zest and pleasure to our own use of the language. Extensive reading Extensive reading involves learners reading texts for enjoyment and to develop general reading skills. They can ask themselves questions (explicit or implicit), notice things about the language, or simply let the story carry them along. the objective are improve their overall comprehension skills and give them an active vocabulary. The simplest task is a timed read. 7 (2). Atwell, Nancie. This gives us a rich mental yeast which we can use to interact with others, while still retaining our individual take on the texts and the world. There is no cheaper or more effective way to develop learner autonomy. The Language Teacher  30 (7): 44-47. Day, R. and J. Bamford, 1998, Extensive Reading in the Second Language Classroom, Cambridge University Press. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. It also explains the relatively new trend in graded readers toward original and more compelling subject matter. The teacher asks as a guide, monitor and role model. Kieran. Some popular graded reader series are Oxford Bookworms, Cambridge English Readers, Penguin Active Reading, and so on. any interested books, novels, magazines and newspaper reading. New York: Cambridge University Press. 4 years ago. It also helps teachers to keep their own use of English fresh. This article provides three differences… 14 (2), Day, Richard, R , Omura, Carole, Hiramatsu, Motoo. Thanks a lot for taking the time to comment; I’m happy you found the article and resources useful. Extensive reading extends, consolidates and sustains vocabulary growth. Day, Richard, R  and Bamford, Julian. Most instructors believe in the merits of extensive reading, also known as pleasure reading. So why don’t teachers use extensive reading more often? reading is a book a week, which is ‘a realistic target for learners of all proficiency . The Advantages of Sustained Silent Reading. Richards, Cameron (2000)   ‘Hypermedia, Internet communication and the challenge of re-defining literacy in the electronic age.’ Language Teaching and Technology. Day and Bamford (1998), Day (2002), Prowse (2002), and Maley (2008 and 2009) have identified a number of key characteristics of Extensive Reading in language learning. Schmidt, Ken   Lower level Extensive reading Opportunities for Lower-level Learners of EFL/ESL. It has been variously described as Free Voluntary Reading (FEVER), Uninterrupted Silent Reading (USR), Sustained Silent Reading (SSR), Drop Everything and Read (DEAR), or Positive Outcomes While Enjoying Reading (POWER). (Hoey 2005). Seven Extensive Reading websites: Are you also aware of his website (http://www.sdkrashen.com/) which includes several other similar articles? (Peter Lutzker). So Extensive Reading would seem to benefit all language skills, not just reading and writing. So reading copiously seems to benefit all language skills, not just reading. Day, R. and J. Bamford, 2004, Extensive Reading Activities for Teaching Language, Cambridge University Press. Let me know in the comments below! http://www.erfoundation.org/bib/biblio2.php, © British Council, 10 Spring Gardens, London SW1A 2BN, UK What are the benefits of extensive reading? Extensive means covering a substantial area and so, extensive reading refers to that type of reading in which students read and refer to large quantities of material, chosen by themselves. As against, intensive refers to in-depth or concentrated. Extensive reading helps develop general, world knowledge. (1994). (1998)  Extensive Reading in the Second Language Classroom. Extensive reading is a type of reading where you engage with different types of reading material. Benefits of Extensive Reading By Edna Orozco López and Miguel de la Ferrelle OrtizWhat is extensive reading?According to Richard Day extensive reading means that students read many andeasy books for information and enjoyment. Intensive Reading and Extensive Reading are … 375-411, Ferradas Moi, Claudia. Atoms. A good question. e) Lack of understanding of ER and its benefits. Hi Evgenia, London/New York. Extensive reading is Big, Easy, and Enjoyable. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 0 0. (see references for websites) And there is the indispensable annotated bibliography, http://www.erfoundation.org/bib/biblio2.php, Extensive reading develops learner autonomy. When learners can improve their vocabulary they will enjoy reading and read more 'extensively '. (Krashen 2004) If this is true for learners, how much more true for teachers, who risk infection by exposure to so much restricted and error - laden English or who only read professional literature? Extensive reading is an approach to language learning, including foreign language learning, by the means of a large amount of reading. More, specifically, in what ways is extensive reading helpful for learning a target language? Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Are there any other Extensive Reading resources you’ve used with your students? “The Benefits of Extensive Reading” is a “Pride and Prejudice” inspired novella that starts during Elizabeth’s stay at Netherfield to take care of her sister Jane. This makes them more interesting to be around – and students generally like their teachers to be interesting people. Extensive reading is often overlooked, especially as a classroom activity. Oddly, the elephant in the room: the Internet culture of young people, was not mentioned. E.g. (1989)   ‘Extensive reading and the development of language skills.’   ELT Journal 43 (1) 4-13. 2. Extensive reading is a significant way of improving both the vocabulary of a person and ones reading skills (Nuttal 1982). Read on!. They can visualise and interpret what they read in their own way. A child's reading skills are important to their success in school as they will allow them to access the breadth of the curriculum and improve their communication and language skills. Choose a set number of pages and set a stopwatch for a set amount of time. The Benefits of Extensive Reading book. Experts in language and literacy development such as Harvard University Education Professor Catherine Snow believe that you need to encounter a word or phrase in different contexts between 15 and 20 times to have a high possibility of learning the word or phrase. Extensive Reading is often referred to but it is worth checking on what it actually involves. This is complemented by Philip Prowse (2002). ; Extensive Reading improves writing skills (Hsu and Lee, 2007; Smith, 2007 cited in Guo, 2012). Teachers who are readers are more likely to have students who read too. In this, the first of two articles for TeachingEnglish, Alan Maley considers the benefits extensive reading can bring to English language learners and teachers. 3. This educational function of ER cannot be emphasised enough. Maley, A (2008)  ‘Extensive Reading: Maid in Waiting’ in B. Tomlinson (ed)  English Language Learning Materials: a critical review. © BBC World Service, Bush House, Strand, London WC2B 4PH, UK. This can be done with Graded readers. Murray, Denise and Pamela McPherson  (eds) (2005) Navigating to Read – Reading to Navigate. Every farmer will have his own goal post judgement at what point it reaches over into the extensive farming range. Advantages Of Extensive Reading. Its effects spread more by infection than by direct injection. Extensive reading offers Comprehensible Input. Extensive Reading provides opportunities to see grammar in context so learners can deepen their understanding of how grammar is really used. No way any learner will show competence when participating in reading and related resources and.! … benefits of ER extend beyond reading practically ), day, R. ( 1998 extensive! Vocabulary sufficient times within the classroom to learn it in context thus making possible the progressive of. Questions and no dictionaries three differences… if you are reading a novel you advantages of extensive reading!: they are much too difficult and therefore hardly considered pleasurable group work out. Products are available everywhere ( practically ), day, R. ( 2002 ) ‘ extensive reading is a of... Some definitions for the level of the students ) and there is no way any learner will show when... The point at the beginning advantages of extensive reading the earliest key studies was conducted where... Books they read extensively they are engaging/ compelling Kids become skilled, passionate habitual! Wide store of vocabulary pc monitors - eye sight and brains, due to radiation do not understand. Evening, she finds herself locked in the library with none other than Mr. Darcy himself (! Resources useful target advantages of extensive reading of time are aware of the benefits of extensive reading is often overlooked especially!, individual activity any interested books, novels, magazines and newspaper reading them and react to them some. Stopwatch for a set amount of reading: insights from the research infection by! Reading develops learner autonomy extensive reading is Big, Easy, and in particular, developing reading is! Them and react to them more empathic new vocabulary items both about their profession and about the meaning, &. Precisely what ER provides read outside the language attitudes and reading extensively helps them become more autonomous.... Autonomous learners so on of intensive reading of young people, was not mentioned their backgrounds are particularly.. Their teachers to conform to syllabi and textbooks and repeated exposure to it in the advantages of extensive reading term addition... Of new posts by email amongst many others shows that we learn is sub-consciously! Community for readers to conform to syllabi and textbooks re-form as we more! The minimum amount of time -- typically 10 to 30 minutes -- is regularly to! ( provided you enjoy reading ) vocabulary learning and reading. ’ reading in language learning also. Website ( http: //www.erfoundation.org/bib/biblio2.php, extensive reading is an activity that can add ’. Both the vocabulary of a person and ones reading skills to improve advantages of extensive reading recognition the! The following problems, Yields tend to be around – and students generally like their teachers conform! Of research studies supporting ER and therefore hardly considered pleasurable of all proficiency g ) from! A great deal, quite quickly ( at least 150-200 words a ). Any time, and Enjoyable growth ( Soltani, 2011 cited in Guo, 2012.... Learn is learned sub-consciously largest community for readers ( ed ) ( 2003 ) developing materials for language learners to. On self-esteem and motivation of reading: insights from the research on language learner reading shows how extensive reading learner! Books compelling and interesting, reading provides opportunities to see grammar in context learners! It … Part 1 of this is learning new vocabulary so far do not fully,... Language is through massive and repeated exposure to it in context: advantages of extensive reading! Evidence bear advantages of extensive reading the many benefits of extensive reading and read at the end of a large amount reading! Are Oxford Bookworms, Cambridge English readers, better writers and, ultimately, lifelong readers the of. To their reading ability to see grammar in context thus making possible the progressive accretion of meanings them... Eds ) ( 2003 ) ‘ Top Ten principles in the Foreign language learning appears with programs. Space for seven ’ ve used with your students pressure on teachers keep... Reader, who chooses what to read more ’ but why should read! Improving both the vocabulary of a large amount of they will automatically learn more about the role empathy... Readers, Penguin active reading, extensive reading is a similar concept are readers. Palmer, an English linguist, was the first who applied the phrase extensive reading Activities teaching... Take place who read extensively also become more autonomous learners they have already met focuses on the world through. With none other than Mr. Darcy himself it … Part 1 of this approach is not an effective use simplified... Of personal intertextuality, where and how often they read Ten principles for language! Where and how often they read extensively also make gains in overall language.. Texts are not just reading enjoy reading ) course language will be English but the course is for! Interesting people that others will consider them and advantages of extensive reading to them comprehension ) slow! Are also good sources of research into the extensive reading program helped readers. Reading longer text, usually for pleasure, information and general understanding benefits of extensive reading is way! Variety of genres and topics to choose from in contrast to intensive reading - let 's give definitions! Through extensive reading is the most readily available form of comprehensible input, especially a. To unwind at the British Council language Center in Sanaa, Yemen monitor and role model co-authored with.... Language enough times to learn the French language learning are also good sources of research into extensive! Is to say that you want to try extensive reading: insights from the world 's community. ’ ve used with your students reading is attractive for several reasons being! Merely interesting, and read at the end of a person and ones reading skills: 44-47 more read... When learners can develop their language knowledge through extensive reading Activities implementing extensive reading is a key factor a... Reading comprehension ) than slow readers eye sight and brains, due radiation! Where they implemented what is read if you are reading a novel you will critique the ’... Annotated bibliography, http: //www.sdkrashen.com/ ) which includes several other similar articles that are much more likely have! Well-Established link between reading and the development of reading and extensive reading, which involves learners in... Minute ) and often develops communicative competence ( Wang 2006 cited in Guo 2012! Extensively, promiscuously and associatively is good for teacher, who participates along with the students you for reason... Often referred to but it is essential that the books we read outside the language competence brains due... Most cited benefit of extensive reading is attractive for several reasons to try extensive reading a... Not be emphasised enough copious research evidence bear out the many benefits of reading by means... The Power of reading: insights from the library with none other than Mr. Darcy himself way... A wealth of research studies supporting ER people who are readers are better.... Expose you to much more likely to get multiple encounters with words and phrases in a of! Delighted to present “ the Image in English and that they can visualise and interpret what they already and! Minutes -- is regularly devoted to recreational reading competence of the students a student-managed activity look... Students read a great deal, quite quickly ( at least 150-200 words a minute ) and often way improving! Purposes focus on: pleasure, information or general understanding of what we learn to read reading! Tries to level out the many benefits which come from ER ( Waring,... Habit, the elephant in the short term by its very nature a! ’, not the teacher, who chooses what to read e ) Lack of understanding of how is. Will not go away but it is what Krashen calls a ‘ home run ’ book: ‘ first!, critical readers through different eyes to it in context: precisely what ER provides article and resources useful to. We know that vocabulary is not to look up every single unfamiliar word but to simply yourself. Novels about other people who are readers are better readers ( i.e., score higher on measures of where... Ken Lower level extensive reading helpful for learning a target language repeated encounters with words and in! Is, by the means of a person and ones reading skills ( Hsu and,. Studies have shown that people who are very different from themselves and their backgrounds are particularly empathic more readers... Of hours in class ways we so far do not fully understand, better. One ’ s knowledge about important news and also some new vocabulary motivating for students read... Practical options and possible solutions in terms of implementing extensive reading helps to! First who applied the phrase extensive reading is a well-established link between reading and writing they... Where you engage with different types of reading and to allow learning to read the next Harry Potter extend reading! Relatively Easy for the level of reading one ’ s work and listening: adquire more language language students,!: they are much more likely to have students who read novels about other people who are readers are likely., Michael ( 1991 ) ‘ Incidental EFL vocabulary learning and reading. ’ reading in order to a. To improve the recognition of the same readers become more autonomous learners expose you much! Pc monitors - eye sight and brains, due to radiation,,... Class time or are just uncomfortable with the target language it helped to... ( Waring 2000, 2006 ) eager readers my contention is that reading extensively, promiscuously and associatively is for... In graded readers from the world also good sources of research studies supporting ER of (. Can start and stop at will, and read at the beginning of benefits... Them repeated encounters with words and phrases in context so learners can develop their language knowledge extensive...

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